FOOTNOTING - How to do it:
This is a demo of how to use footnoting. Footnoting is a referencing technique developed so that the reader can see at a glance where the information is coming from.
Footnoting is a method of referencing that lists the reference with a small number in the text and a corresponding number at the bottom of the page with reference details. There is a particular order that these details go in according to the 'style' of referencing your teacher requests.
History students need to order them as follows:
For a book:
Surname, First name, Title. Publisher, Place of publishing, Year, page number.
For a website:
Author, date published, title of page (italics), retrieved date, (from) web address
Use the 'insert footnote' tab in Microsoft Word. Then enter the data in the correct order at the bottom of the page like this:
 University of Canberra Library, 2013, A Guide to Referencing in the Harvard Style retrieved 13 April 2015 from http://lgdata.s3-website-us-east-1.amazonaws.com/docs/650/644221/A_Guide_to_Referencing_in_the_Harvard_Style_-_B_W.pdf
 Helen Ackland, Classroom notes, Great Lakes College, 2012.
Use these latin phrases so that you don't have to write all the authors names (if there are more than one) or repeat entries:
(This information is taken from "The Library Assistant" 2013, Bodleian Libraries at http://www.bodleian.ox.ac.uk/assistant/reading-lists/what-do-phrases-like-ibid-in-my-reading-lists-mean
Et al. - An abbreviation for the Latin 'Et Alii ' which means 'and others'. This is often used when there are several authors for a book or article. The name of the first author is given followed by 'et al.' so that all the other authors' names don't have to be listed.
ibid. - An abbreviation for the Latin 'ibidem' which means 'in the same place'. When you see the word 'ibid.' in a reading list it is referring you to material in a source just mentioned. For example it could be another chapter of a book that has just been referred to. The abbreviation ibid.always refers to the immediately preceding reference or source.
Op. cit. - An abbreviation for the Latin 'opere citato' which means 'in the work cited'. This abbreviation is often used in footnotes combined with an author name and, sometimes, a date. It is referring you to a source, the details of which have already been given in full or which you will find in the bibliography. Whilst ibid refers to the reference that has just been mentioned, op. cit. usually refers to a reference which is earlier in the text or in the bibliography (i.e. not the one that has just been mentioned). The author's name and date will help you to identify the correct source.